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Global Briefing: Artist Olafur Eliasson debuts global solar power campaign

Global Briefing: Artist Olafur Eliasson debuts global solar power campaign

Promoting solar power, calls for a global shipping carbon tax, and soaring German EV demand feature in this week's Global Briefing

Nonprofit Little Sun launches global campaign to promote solar power access

Little Sun, the clean energy nonprofit founded by Danish-Icelandic artist Olafur Eliasson and engineer Frederik Ottesen, has this week launched Reach for the Sun: Ten Steps to Creating a Solar-Powered World, a global creative communications campaign designed to engage new audiences with the potential for solar power to play a critical role in the net zero transition. 

Illustrated by Nigerian-Italian artist Diana Ejaita and supported by the IKEA Foundation, the campaign features a ten-step digital guide to creating a solar-powered world, as well as an open-source communications toolkit and resources for individuals and organisations to take action.

"Now is the time to reach for the sun," said Olafur Eliasson, Little Sun Co-Founder. "The climate crisis is here: if we are to transition to a world powered by renewable energy in the next decade, we need everyone to recognize the opportunity of solar energy. Art helps us do this; it enables us to feel the power in our hands."

 

Nobel laureates propose fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty

A group of over 100 Nobel laureates, including the Dalai Lama, have this week called on governments around the world to sign up to a fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty in support of their efforts to tackle the climate crisis.

In an open letter to world leaders published ahead of President Biden's high profile Earth Day summit of leaders, the group of former presidents, scientists, novelists, and religious leaders call on governments to take a more direct approach to halting fossil fuel development, warning that "the burning of fossil fuels is responsible for almost 80 per cent of carbon dioxide emissions since the industrial revolution".

"In addition to being the leading source of emissions, there are local pollution, environmental and health costs associated with extracting, refining, transporting and burning fossil fuels," they add. "These costs are often paid by Indigenous peoples and marginalised communities. Egregious industry practices have led to human rights violations and a fossil fuel system that has left billions of people across the globe without sufficient energy to lead lives of dignity."

The letter argues that for the goals of the Paris Agreement to be met, "the solution is clear: fossil fuels must be kept in the ground".

As such, the group calls on world leaders to work together to end the new expansion of oil, coal, and gas production, phase out existing production, and invest in "a transformational plan to ensure 100 per cent access to renewable energy globally, support dependent economies to diversify away from fossil fuels, and enable people and communities across the globe to flourish through a global just transition".

 

International Chamber of Shipping leads calls for new carbon taxes

One of the world's most powerful shipping groups has this week stepped up calls for a new approach to curbing emissions across the sector, arguing that a tax on emissions is now required. 

Guy Platten, secretary-general of the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) told the BBC that "a global solution is the only one that's going to work", arguing that a universal price on carbon for the sector would give ship owners a commercial imperative to roll out cleaner technologies.

The ICS, shipowner's organisation Bimco, Cruise Lines International Association, and the World Shipping Council, which together represent 90 per cent of the global fleet, have this week called on the IMO to start a discussion on how to introduce a carbon price "as soon as possible and before 2023, with a view to taking some decisions".

The IMO has put in place a number of new standards and initiatives designed to enhance fuel efficiency across the sector and support the development of greener technologies. But the international body has faced fierce criticism from campaigners and some shipping operators who warn that the current proposals are well short of what is required to deliver steep emissions reductions across the sector.

The shipping groups backing the carbon tax acknowledged that finalising an agreement will be challenging, but insisted provided the best mechanisms for accelerating the development of green shipping technologies.

 

China hints at plans for new green finance rules

The Chinese government may have failed to come forward with any significant new decarbonisation goals as part of the White House's Climate Leaders Summit this week, but Beijing did hint that major financial reforms could be on the cards to support the country's net zero transition.

Earlier this week central bank governor Yi Gang told the Boao Forum that China will require financial institutions to transition towards green finance practices as early as possible.

"We will urge financial institutions to make transitions as early as possible," Yi was quoted as saying by news agency Reuters.

He said the central bank would unveil new tools to boost financing for green projects and would take steps to ensure ratings of commercial banks, deposit insurance rates, and macro prudential assessments consider climate-related issues.

The bank is also set to become the latest in a string of central banks to formally assess the impact of climate change on financial stability and monetary policy, while a series of sectoral stress tests are said to be in the pipeline.

In addition, Yi said China would continue to increase the allocation of green bonds in its foreign exchange reserve investments, control investments in high-pollution assets, and draft new green finance standards.

 

Philippines strengthens 2030 emissions target

The new emissions targets announced this week by the US, EU, Canada, the UK, and Japan may have grabbed the headlines, but there was also a significant move from one of Asia's fastest growing emerging economies, as the Philippines government announced it was revising up its 2030 emissions target.

Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez III, who also chairs the country's Climate Change Commission, confirmed late last week that the government would now aim to deliver a 75 per cent reduction in emissions by 2030, up from an existing target of 70 per cent.

However, the government also stressed that 72.29 per cent of the target is conditional on the support of climate finance, technologies, and capacity development provided by developed countries under the terms of the Paris Agreement.

UK Green Building Council calls for stamp duty reforms to catalyse green home retrofit market

UK Green Building Council calls for stamp duty reforms to catalyse green home retrofit market

UKGBC sets outs proposals for a 'green' stamp duty incentive as government data reveals record interest for Green Homes Grant in its final month

The UK Green Building Council is calling for the government to reform stamp duty to incentivise houseowners to make their homes more energy efficient, warning that urgent action is needed to drive long-term consumer appetite for green home retrofits.  

In a report published this week, the trade body called for the government to embed an "energy adjustment nudge" to stamp duty land tax that would adjust the tax up or down dependent on the property's energy use and carbon emissions.

The adjustment would be proportionate to the value of the base stamp duty, to ensure that it fairly encourages and rewards action, and would increase and decrease over time to stimulate the housing market to value energy and carbon performance, the group said.

Under the proposals, purchasers of new homes who invest in measures improving the carbon or energy performance of their homes in the two years after purchasing could get a rebate from the total stamp duty paid.

Jenny Holland, public affairs and policy specialist at the UKGBC, noted that "energy efficiency isn't properly rewarded in the homebuying market" and said the measures would incentivise householders to take steps to curb their domestic carbon emissions.

"That's why we need a new stamp duty incentive, which will make energy efficient homes cheaper to buy and poorer-performing ones less attractive to purchasers," she said. "Properly designed, the incentive can be made revenue-neutral to the Treasury and would be very easy to administer."

Decarbonising the UK's housing stock is seen as one of the biggest challenges to the UK's efforts to meet its carbon targets, and the government is facing growing calls to set out how it plans to incentivise property owners to deliver energy efficiency and low-carbon retrofits to their homes in the wake of its controversial decision to axe the Green Homes Grant scheme last month. The UK's homes are some of the leakiest in Europe and are responsible for more than one fifth of emissions and 30 per cent of energy use, but the government is yet to set out how it plans to enable the retrofit of 29 million existing properties around the UK, the majority of which are powered by gas boilers.

Holland emphasised that decarbonising the UK's housing stock would unlock myriad benefits for the economy and make homes healthier and cheaper to run. "A stamp duty incentive would build a thriving retrofit market, supporting green jobs, boosting household spending and bringing down fuel bills," she said. "And crucially, it would embed energy efficiency into the decision-making process of homebuyers and drive a value differential in the property market as a whole."

The report notes that efforts to establish a thriving market for energy efficient home homes is critical and should go alongside grant schemes that subsidise energy efficiency improvements in the short-term.

"We cannot rely on grant funding alone to create a long-term, self-sustaining market," the report notes. "In addition, the inevitable boom-bust delivery cycle associated with grant schemes makes businesses inefficient, increases costs and drives down quality. Energy-adjusted stamp duty land tax would act as a long-term driver of consumer demand and would also allow grant funding to be focused where it is most needed."

The Treasury was considering a request for comment at the time of going to press.

The call from the UKGBC comes after figures published by the government on Thursday revealed that, despite government claims that the Green Homes Grant scheme had endured a disappointing level of take up amongst the public, applications for vouchers under the scheme hit a record high in March - the final month before it was unceremoniously scrapped.

More than 41,000 people applied for the scheme last month, in a significant increase from the next highest month, which was October 2020, the month the embattled grant programme was launched.

The government maintains that the short-lived scheme was hampered from a lack of consumer interest in the midst of a pandemic, but campaigners and MPs have slammed that assessment, pointing to strong interest from homeowners and well-documented administrative challenges that led to just a fraction of grant applications resulting in vouchers for energy efficiency or low carbon upgrades.

There have been growing calls for the government to urgently set out a replacement for the failed scheme and deliver a host of policy measures in the forthcoming Buildings and Heat Strategy that could kick-start the decarbonisation of the UK's homes.

Why indoor farming funding is heating up

Why indoor farming funding is heating up

Investment is flowing into the indoor farming and regenerative agricultural sector as businesses seek to bolster yields and curb emissions

The billions of dollars flowing into indoor ag, followed by news of a big announcement in regenerative farming, is yet more evidence of the furious pace of change we're seeing in food production.

On the indoor side, the update comes in the form of details on a big vertical farm that the startup Plenty is building in Compton, California. The plans are impressive:

  • The 95,000 square feet facility will be as productive as 700 acres of farmland, according to CNN. In terms of land use, that's more than 200 times as efficient.
  • A crop of leafy greens in the facility can go from seedling to harvest in two to three weeks, Plenty co-founder Nate Storey told LAist last year. That's significantly faster than a regular outdoor growing schedule.
  • The facility will supply 100 grocery stores when production begins later this year.

This activity is partly the result of a $140m investment Plenty announced last year, just one of a slew of similar deals in the indoor ag sector. Close to $2bn will have been invested in controlled environment agriculture (CEA) between the fourth quarter of 2020 and the middle of this year, estimates David Ceaser, lead agronomist at Agritecture, an indoor ag consulting firm based in Brooklyn. Most of that is going to large automated greenhouses, he adds, but vertical farm companies such as InFarm, Oishii and AeroFarms also have raised rounds.

"Consumer demand is fueling investment in CEA," Ceaser explained by email. "Consumers want consistent access to clean, high-quality produce, year-round. CEA production provides this and appeals to investors due to consistent revenue streams and reduced risk of interruptions compared to field-based production."   

In addition to using less land, vertical farms require fewer chemical inputs and consume far less water than conventional farms. But remember that these facilities are, to an extent, only as green as the grid they plug into: Studies have shown that using fossil fuels to power vertical farms undermines the other environmental benefits. This isn't really an argument against indoor ag in general, just a reminder that we need to decarbonize our grid as fast as possible. (For more on how that's happening and how your company can get involved, check out GreenBiz Group's new VERGE Electrify event. It runs May 25-26 and is free to attend.)

Another notable deal saw $87m funneled into Gotham Greens, which operates high-tech greenhouses. Some of that will be used to farm lettuce and herbs at a new 10-acre greenhouse in Solano County, California. The facility is co-located with the University of California, Davis, a notable agricultural research hub. Among other things, Gotham will collaborate with Davis scientists on efforts to develop new indoor varieties.

The Solano facility also feels like a statement of intent. Just a few hours drive south are the lettuce farms that supply much of the US market. Gotham setting up shop in Solano is like an upstart grocery chain opening in a Walmart parking lot. It signals that the newcomer believes it can take the incumbent on at its own game.

Moving outdoors, the news is that PepsiCo has committed to spreading regenerative practices on seven million acres of US farmland - roughly the size of its entire agricultural footprint - by 2030. I'll state the obvious: seven million acres is a lot of land. To put it in context, it's only two years since General Mills committed to transitioning one million acres to regenerative agriculture, which at the time felt like a step change in the spread of no-till, cover crops and other methods for restoring soil fertility. And the PepsiCo announcement comes just six months after Cargill unveiled plans to implement regenerative practices on 10 million acres. The momentum here is very clear. As well as building soil fertility, these moves potentially could lead to the drawdown of millions of tons of carbon dioxide every year.

This article first appeared at GreenBiz.com

Canada Goose is down with sustainable materials alternatives

Canada Goose is down with sustainable materials alternatives

When someone buys a Canada Goose parka or jacket, they expect luxury. That's the company's brand proposition: performance luxury. Now customers can add "sustainable alternatives to conventional materials" to their list of expectations when they add a Canada Goose garment to their shopping carts.

Earlier this month, the Canadian outdoor apparel company committed to a plan that will see it move to source 90 percent of the materials it uses in its products from a list of preferred fibers and materials (PFMs), as laid out by the nonprofit Textile Exchange, by the end of 2025. The announcement was part of the release of the company's 2020 sustainability report.

To establish a better understanding of where it needed to improve the materials it uses, Canada Goose evaluated every one it uses - including nylon, polyester, cotton, wool, down, trims, linings, and interlinings - to find versions that have the lowest impact. In fact, that evaluation is a key part of the design process.  

"It was important to create this process so that we could execute upon it immediately. PFMs are prioritised at the setup of every product we make - we consider what the material is in order to determine how we will build the style," said Niamh McManus, design director at Canada Goose, in emailed responses to questions for this story. "The world is changing, and we need to make an impact - quickly."

Canada Goose also worked with Textile Exchange to establish an internal PFM process and education series. According to the sustainability report, employees from 13 teams within the company - including those from innovation, compliance, sourcing, merchandising, and other areas - have taken part in this process to become better equipped to select, source, design and communicate with a deep understanding of PFM management and credibility.

The company also recently reiterated its 2025 net-zero commitment for its Scope 1 and 2 emissions, as part of the 2020 sustainability report. During a press briefing ahead of the report's release, engineer and scientist Bill Nye, who serves as a sustainability adviser to Canada Goose, commended the company for its sustainability goals. "The main thing that impresses me about what Canada Goose is doing is the timing," said Nye, referring to the company's relatively aggressive 2025 net zero goal as forward-thinking.

In addition to the net-zero and PFM goals, the company plans to end its purchase of new fur by 2022. The fur it sources is primarily used for the trimmings for some of its outerwear products. And according to its sustainability report, Canada Goose is close to meeting that goal, which it first announced in 2020

For the fur it still uses, Canada Goose is using reclaimed material. To source it, the company launched both an in-store and online buy-back program, where consumers can exchange their fur trim for a gift card on a future purchase. 

"We're also closing a loop within our own warranty program, reusing returned fur on warranty products - tying back to our exploration of new and innovative ways to reduce, reuse and recycle across all areas of our operations," said Gavin Thompson, vice president of corporate citizenship at Canada Goose, in emailed responses to questions for this story. "Our move towards reclaimed fur transforms the way fur is sourced and used in the industry."

Using reclaimed fur doesn't seem to be common practice for fashion companies. But in recent years, a number of companies - GucciVersace and Diane von Furstenberg among them - have shifted to using faux fur or moving away from selling items with fur altogether.

This article first appeared at GreenBiz.com

LEAF Coalition: UK joins US, Norway, and top corporates to launch $1bn tropical forest protection drive

LEAF Coalition: UK joins US, Norway, and top corporates to launch $1bn tropical forest protection drive

Coalition aims to mobilise $1bn in financing for tropical forest protection and restoration and provide a standardised and verified way for corporates to deliver climate finance

The governments of the UK, US, and Norway have joined forces with some of the world's biggest companies to launch a new public-private coalition geared at mobilising $1bn of finance for tropical forest protection efforts.

The Lowering Emissions by Accelerating Forest finance (LEAF) Coalition, unveiled at the White House-hosted Leaders Summit on Climate yesterday, will see Amazon, Nestle, Airbnb, Bayer, Salesforce, Unilever, GSK, Boston Consulting Group, and McKinsey channel financing to projects that aim to curb global greenhouse gas emissions by reducing and ending deforestation in tropical forest regions.

The initiative, which is billed as the "largest ever public-private effort to protect tropical forests and support sustainable development", expects its membership to expand over the coming months as countries and companies look for ways to enhance their climate finance commitments in the run up to the crucial COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow this autumn.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson emphasised the "hugely-exciting" scheme would galvanise much-needed business investment in forest protection programmes that could slash global greenhouse gas emissions, put nature on the path to recovery, and help tropical forest countries meet their climate goals.

"The world's tropical forests are the lungs of our planet and yet we are losing these great, teeming ecosystems at an unconscionable rate," Johnson said. "This is having a devastating impact on the billions of people who rely on forests for their livelihoods and sustenance and is setting back our efforts to tackle climate change. Time is running out to protect our tropical forests from irreversible loss and limit global warming to 1.5C."

John Kerry, US special presidential envoy for climate, said the coalition was a "ground-breaking example of the scale and type" of collaboration needed to achieve global climate goals. "Bringing together government and private-sector resources is a necessary step in supporting the large-scale efforts that must be mobilised to halt deforestation and begin to restore tropical and subtropical forests," he said. 

2020 was meant to be a landmark year in the fight against deforestation - a year by which many companies, countries, and international organisations had pledged to halve or completely halt forest loss - but tropical forest deforestation increased by 12 per cent between 2019 and 2020, according to  figures from the World Resources Institute (WRI).

Ending tropical deforestation is critical if climate, nature and sustainable development goals are to be met, given forests' role as critical carbon stores and rich hubs for biodiversity. Yet despite progress in curbing deforestation rates in some countries, the world still lost more 4.4 million hectares of primary tropical forest last year, the WRI has warned.

Under the new LEAF scheme, payments will be delivered to countries, states, or provinces with tropical forests that sign up to the initiative only after emissions reductions have been achieved and verified by a third party. Interested jurisdictions have until July 2021 to apply by setting out how they intend to generate emissions reduction from tackling deforestation or delivering forest restoration between 2022 and 2026.

The Coalition, which is being coordinated and administered by US non-profit Emergent, is committed to ensuring forest protection plans respect the rights of Indigenous and local communities living in and around tropical forests, noting that it would consult these stakeholders prior to signing so-called 'emissions reduction purchase agreements' with countries or states.

It marks a major step forward for corporate forest protection efforts, which have to date been done on a largely piecemeal basis and as such have proved hard to regulate, assess, or compare, opening many companies up to allegations of 'greenwashing'. Campaigners have consistently warned that many so-called nature-based solutions struggle to deliver promised emissions reductions and can distract from the need for companies to tackle their direct emissions.

As such, the LEAF Coalition hopes to create a standard for monitoring corporate forest protection initiatives, noting that the performance of the emissions reduction projects it supports would be measured against the "independent and rigorous" ART/TREES environmental standard and verified by "internationally recognised" third party bodies. It also emphasised emissions reductions generated through the scheme would "come in addition to, and not as a substitute for" participating companies' efforts to decarbonise their own operations, noting that all participating firms were already "committed to deep voluntary cuts" across their value chains.

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, former UN special rapporteur on the rights of Indigenous peoples and the executive director of Tebtebba, said the coalition set a powerful example of how companies could deliver much-needed to finance to protect tropical forests.

"The power of this coalition is the example it sets, in particular for companies, whose participation is needed to mobilize the funding needed to protect tropical forests," she said. The LEAF Coalition sets a high standard for how companies can supplement deep cuts in their own emissions by investing in additional emission reductions from tropical and subtropical forests and also by ensuring that the rights of Indigenous peoples who have and who continue to protect these forests are respected and fulfilled.

Commenting on the launch of the initiative, Unilever CEO Alan Jope said the collaboration provided "fresh hope" that deforestation could be ended at scale and the world could hit the 1.5C goal of the Paris Agreement.

"For nearly two decades, Unilever has been involved in industry efforts to eliminate deforestation from commodity supply chains," he said. "We have learned that individual actions alone - however bold - will never drive system change. Collective action is needed for real impact.

Meanwhile, Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum emphasised there was no way the world could achieve global climate goals without ending the destruction of tropical forests.

"There is no path to limit global warming to 1.5C and meet the Paris Agreement without stopping tropical deforestation by 2030," he said. "The LEAF Coalition is a big step forward to provide real economic incentives for high ambition countries to protect and restore their forests."

Climate Leaders Summit: A day of diplomatic theatre, distracting jokes, and historic turning points

Climate Leaders Summit: A day of diplomatic theatre, distracting jokes, and historic turning points

Ed King argues that when the history of the fifth industrial revolution is penned, this year will mark a turning point.

Summits are theatre, and yesterday in Washington DC, the world was the stage. It's easy - as Quentin Letts does in The Times today - to dismiss moments like the Biden climate summit as hours of waffle. Many of the speeches from world leaders were odd, yet the message was clear: climate is a big deal and we need to work together.

It helps to have proof points: a country that only four years ago had Exxon's ex CEO as its Secretary of State now has a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction goal of 50-52 per cent that cuts the global emission gap 5-10 per cent. In the space of 100 days the US has drawn up this plan, rolled out a multi-billion dollar green stimulus strategy, and shaken down leaders in South Korea, Japan, Australia, and Canada to come forward with their own climate pledges.

Coal will likely be gone from the US grid by the early 2030s; states will have new powers to set tailpipe standards, further shifting power away from the big car giants. It's only a start and the US plans have plenty of gaps. For example, on public finance WRI's Joe Thwaites points out Biden's commitment to doubling its public climate finance by 2024 compared to a 2013-2016 baseline is not particularly ambitious.

Still, it's always worth soaking in the bigger picture. Emission reduction targets from advanced economies are accelerating. 50 per cent by 2030 is roughly the landing ground for the US, Canada, Japan, and EU, albeit with differing base lines, while the UK is now streaking clear with a 78 per cent GHG goal on 1990 levels by 2035. If I had one complaint - and to be fair I thought Prime Minister Boris Johnson's speech was good - it's that his joke about 'bunny hugging' detracted from the UK's clear leadership platform.

True, China and India's leaders offered little of substance: but they're offering partnership and talking up ambition. If you've been in hiding for the past decade, here's the news: if your exports rely on the coal sector, you're screwed. The coal sector, to quote UN chief Antonio Guterres, is "going up in smoke". South Korea is pulling out of overseas funding, Japan will follow suit at the G7, China will likely follow before 2021 is done. When the history of the fifth industrial revolution is penned, this year will mark a turning point.

We now need rich countries to step up with plans to support developing countries' transition towards renewables. Indonesia and South Africa both said they could go faster in their shift towards clean energy if they received financial support. It's a fair ask and one that's not yet being met - a challenge for the UK, EU, and US to work on, starting at the G7 Summit in Cornwall this summer. No finance means no COP26 deal, a point made by Pakistan's PM and Nigeria's environment minister in recent weeks.

Laggards persist. Scott Morrison, a man who reminds me of a London estate agent in the mid 2000s rental market - a world of fisheye lenses, misleading brochures, paper-thin walls, and shiny suits - rambled on about technology, BHP, and Rio Tinto without a shred of self-awareness. He was rightly lambasted at home and abroad. One wonders how much he's internalising the evaporation of the export markets the country has long hawked fossils to. Brazil's Jair Bolsonaro, a man who has left COVID to ravage his country and criminals to burn the Amazon, looked like a rabbit in the headlights. He cooked up a 2050 net zero target and claimed the forest stuff was all a mistake. But can he be trusted?

Where next? 2021 is shaping up to be a bumper year for climate action, although there is no other choice if we want to avert the worst that impacts can throw at us. SwissRe warned this week that climate impacts set to hit as a result of current, inadequate action plans will shave 7-10 per cent more off the world economy by 2050 than if we scaled up those commitments to be in line with the Paris Agreement. Stalling action will slash 18 per cent off the economy. To put that in perspective, the IMF says COVID slashed the economy by 4.4 per cent in 2020 alone. 

The global conversation should now move towards delivering the commitments harvested and catalysing further ambition. What's on the table right now is far from enough - we need to halve emissions by 2030, but according to Carbon Brief new pledges from US, Canada, Japan, EU, and UK saved about 2GtCO2e in 2030, relative to the assumptions in the 2020 UNEP gap report.

The US and China both have a long way to go to back their targets with plausible decarbonisation pathways and policies while creating the politics for lasting collaboration. There's still some brinksmanship in this debate but we'll need both these superpowers to dig deep if they are to bring the other major economies that hold the fate of the climate in their hands along with them.

Meanwhile, the UK needs to step up and ensure that support for the developing world does not get lost amid the economic woes of COVID. We need to build back better - but we also need to build back together with Asia, Africa, and Latin America. To do that Johnson, Dominic Raab, and Rishi Sunak need to deliver on debt relief, overseas aid and pressure major donors in the EU, Japan, Canada and Australia to cough up. Every forum is now a climate forum, and every decision is now a climate decision.

Yes, they are merely players, but a world watches on and this is a stage they chose. Come November they can either bask in the reflected glory of a job well done, or try and spin their way out of a disastrous opening night. Either way, the US did London a favour on Thursday - now it's time for Number 10 to deliver.

Ed King is international lead - strategic communications at the European Climate Foundation

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